The manufacturing mechanic builds mechanical sub-assemblies or final assemblies from different components. They assemble and then inspect the finished products for quality and adherence to customer specifications.
The maintenance mechanic, as the name suggests, ensures maintenance as well as repair.
Two main sectors of activity:
- Maintenance of equipment (agricultural, garden, handling and plant machinery);
- Industrial maintenance (agro-food, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, etc.).
Precision engineers or toolmakers work for a wide range of different sectors from medical, automobile, and aeronautic fields. They deal with the production of virtually any object or equipment made of metal and/or plastic (from the ballpoint pen to the car engine).
The electro-technician works alone or in a team, independent or salaried company. He is required to work on large construction sites and is in permanent contact with the other trades.
They intervene during two phases of construction:
- At the start of a construction, after having studied the plans drawn up by the architects, they place the cables and electrical wiring in the load-bearing walls and in the floors;
- At the end of the construction, before decoration, they make the electrical connections: appliances, lighting, alarm system, telephone, etc.
The sheet metalworker or boilermaker exercises his profession in a multitude of sectors.
They mainly work steel, stainless steel and aluminium. They construct equipment and installations needed for:
- Storage (tanks, pipes, storage tanks, etc.);
- Processing (gas, oil, food, beverages, etc.);
- Transport (boats, planes, submarines, tanks, armoured vehicles, shipping containers, etc.);
- Protection (equipment for treating household and radioactive waste).
The coachbuilder or panel beater is active in the vehicle construction industry, they repair and restore personal vehicles as well as small vans to big lorries. This could also entail working on vintage vehicles.
The common denominator of the coachbuilder, panel beater and the restorer is to facilitate the transport of people and goods in compliance with international standards, safety rules, and the environment.
Alone or with the help of his employees, the vine grower cultivates the vine, elaborates his wine, conditions it and markets it. It is a demanding trade because the production must be of constant quality in spite of the meteorological hazards.
The cooper produces the barrels necessary for the ageing of wines and spirits. They work in collaboration with the vine-growers and wine-makers. They define the methods of making the barrel, its shape, and the origin of the wood used to match the demand of its customers. They follow the evolution of wine or spirits by tasting, in order to give their advice and observations to make the precious nectar.
The farrier participates in the proper functioning of the equine locomotor system. They protect horses hooves against wear by replacing irons or shoes. They have a solid background in anatomy, biomechanics, pathology and blacksmithing.
The landscape gardener is responsible for the work of the land, the use and care of plants. It is a complete trade where you have to combine knowledge, know-how and taste.
The pastry cook makes pastries, viennoiseries, ice creams, chocolates and confectioneries by applying or imagining recipes. Besides rigorous hygiene, this profession requires great manual skill and creativity.
The baker designs and manufactures bread, pastries and snacks. Master of bread making, he respects the dough, controls the fermentation and cooks his bread at will. This professional has a career in industrial or artisan bakeries. This trade continues to evolve and has for some years been moving more heavily towards the industrial sector.
The pork-butcher is the guarantor of an ancient culinary tradition. Their specialty is to make preparations made from pork. However, it also works on other meats (beef, poultry, and game), fish and vegetables. The pork-butcher cuts and bones the animals themselves, sorts and distributes the pieces of meat and then salts and smokes them before cooking.
Floor Specialist/Carpet Fitter
The floor specialist or carpet fitter installs all kinds of different floor surfaces (PVC, linoleum, laminate, wood, carpet, etc.), in different forms (in sheets, rolls, slabs, boards, etc.). Today's materials increase design capabilities, for example, they can imitate wood or stone perfectly (eg. some are also now self-cleaning).
The plasterer insolates, constructs and decorates interior living spaces with various materials, including plaster. They create the room layout in most buildings and must have real notions of space, layout, sound and light distribution.
The painter or decorator, brings the final touch to the building, playing a key role in advising clients. They can also express all their creativity thanks to the variety of materials and colours at their disposition. Their primary function, however, is to protect and clean the surfaces of buildings. They prepare and layout the decorations, before applying the coatings with manual or more sophisticated tools.
The bench joiner of the 21st century works with wood and wood-based materials to make furniture and various structures for interior design and decoration.
The bench joiner is a key element of the building trade, as they are involved in the manufacture and fitting of doors, windows, stairs, parquet floors, wooden panelling, etc. He also takes part in the restoration of heritage sites.
The cabinetmaker creates luxury interior fittings, in which the veneer and ornamentation of precious materials are very important. They manufacture traditional or contemporary furniture, either as one-offs or to an industrial scale. They carry out prototyping, copying or restoration of antique furniture.
The tiler has a wide range of tiles that they can propose to their customers, which can vary in their technicality and textures. In addition to the design and choice of materials (e.g. natural or imitation wood), there are now added areas such as waterproofing, underfloor heating or sound and heat insulation. They can work with clients either indoors or outdoors, and they also work on big projects such as swimming pools, spas, schools, shopping centres.
The stone mason makes stairs, fountains, elements of street furniture and funeral monuments. He also works on heritage restoration projects. The wide variety of skills required for this work (survey, diagnosis, size, masonry) provides many opportunities.
The primary job of the plumber (heating or air-conditioning engineer) was for a long time to channel the water to the points of consumption.
Today the main activities of a heating engineer and an air-conditioning technician are:
- Fitting sanitary facilities;
- Energy management installations;
- Maintenance of existing installations.
The metalworker is a craftsman who produces a wide variety of artistic and/or industrial works.
Metalworking covers many activities, all of which revolve around transforming metals:
- Metal structural constructions (roof frameworks, pylons, etc.);
- Metal doors and windows (interior or exterior fittings, shops, etc.);
- Blacksmith (all wrought iron works and objects);
- Decoration (urban furniture, contemporary art, etc.);
- Surface treatment (corrosion protection, finishing paints);
- Installation (installation, commissioning, etc.).
The builder or bricklayer is one of the essential actors of a construction site. They are regularly the main contractor and coordinate all of the different interactions between the various trades. The structures concerned are various: individual houses, collective dwellings, commercial premises, industrial buildings and public infrastructures (bridges, stadiums, hospitals, etc.). The builder or bricklayer is particularly responsible for the load-bearing structural elements (foundations, walls, posts, beams, floors and floors, etc.) and various finishes (facades, floors, etc.).
At the top of the project, the roofer finishes the shell of a construction (roofs and walls) in order to protect it from bad weather. Their field of action is vast. It extends from the most traditional to contemporary buildings, including historical monuments, for the realization, repair or maintenance of roofs.
The carpenter designs and builds, in the workshop and on site, wooden support structures for walls, flooring and joisting as well as roof frames. These works can be for new build or restoration work, either in the public or private sector. Often working as a team their activities can vary: traditional, industrial or glued laminated timber frame houses, staircases, formwork, and shoring. They are lovers of wood, specialists in the resistance of materials and the science of drawing.
The upholstering trade comprises two main fields of activity.
The traditional upholsterer fills, stuffs and dresses products such as sofas and armchairs, always with aesthetics and the final users comfort in mind.
The soft furnishings upholsterer essentially works on any interior trimmings that implement textiles. They decorate windows with curtains, blinds or drapes, also working on wall hangings, bedding and loose covers.
The car trimmer intervenes so that comfort and aesthetics are present in all types of transportation. They operate in multiple sectors of activity. They manufacture seats, trimming and interior fittings for motor vehicles, boats or aircrafts.
Leatherworkers work with leather and other soft materials (skins, textiles, scales, bones and synthetic materials) in order to manufacture bags, purses, wallets, luggage, belts and watch straps. They use and maintain various sewing, paring, splitting and sanding machines. They shape and finish the leather, polish the edges and fit the accessories.
The trade of a shoemaker brings together three different fields of activity.
- The bootmaker makes shoes by hand, often with high quality materials.
- The orthopaedic shoemaker is a specialist in foot fitting. By designing and manufacturing custom-made orthopaedic footwear, soles and prostheses, they ease day-to-day walking for people with foot problems.
The cobbler, repair specialist, offers shoe maintenance and repair services to customers.